Advantages of Using Organic Fertilisers

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Advantages of Using Organic Fertilisers – you need to know

What are Organic Fertilisers?

Organic fertilisers are natural plant and animal products that are used to provide nutrients to the soil. They are a sustainable alternative to synthetic fertilisers, which are produced from non-renewable resources and have a detrimental effect on the environment. Organic fertilisers include compost, manure, bone meal, blood meal, fish emulsion, and seaweed.

Advantages of Using Organic Fertilisers

Promotes Soil Health

One of the significant benefits of using organic fertilisers is that they promote soil health. Organic fertilisers are rich in nutrients, such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, which are essential for plant growth. These nutrients are released slowly over time, which helps to maintain soil health and fertility. Additionally, organic fertilisers contain beneficial microorganisms that help to break down organic matter and improve soil structure.

Improves Plant Growth

Organic fertilisers help to improve plant growth by providing essential nutrients to the soil. These nutrients are absorbed by the plant roots, which promotes healthy growth and development. Unlike synthetic fertilisers, organic fertilisers do not cause a sudden surge in plant growth, which can lead to weak and spindly plants. Instead, organic fertilisers release nutrients slowly, providing a steady supply of nutrients to the plants.

Increases Soil Moisture Retention

Organic fertilisers help to increase soil moisture retention by improving soil structure. Organic matter in the soil helps to create pore spaces, which allow water to penetrate the soil and be stored for later use. This means that plants have access to water for a more extended period, reducing the need for frequent watering.

Improves Soil Fertility

Organic fertilisers help to improve soil fertility by providing a steady supply of nutrients to the soil. This helps to increase soil pH and improve nutrient availability. As a result, plants are healthier, more productive, and less susceptible to disease and pest infestation.

Reduces Environmental Impact

Organic fertilisers have a much lower environmental impact than synthetic fertilisers. Synthetic fertilisers are produced from non-renewable resources and require large amounts of energy to produce. They also release harmful pollutants into the environment, such as nitrogen and phosphorus, which can lead to eutrophication and water pollution. Organic fertilisers, on the other hand, are made from natural sources and do not contain harmful chemicals.

Types of Organic Fertilisers

There are several types of organic fertilisers, each with its benefits and drawbacks. Some of the most common types include:

Compost

Compost is made from decomposed organic matter, such as food scraps, leaves, and grass clippings. It is an excellent source of nutrients and beneficial microorganisms and helps to improve soil structure.

Manure

Manure is a byproduct of animal farming and is an excellent source of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. However, it should be aged for several months before use to allow harmful bacteria to die off.

Bone Meal

Bone meal is made from ground-up animal bones and is an excellent source of phosphorus. However, it should be used sparingly as it can raise soil pH and cause calcium to be leached from the soil.

Blood Meal

Blood meal is made from dried animal blood and is an excellent source of nitrogen. However, it should be used sparingly as it can burn plant roots if applied in excessive amounts.

Fish Emulsion

Fish emulsion is made from ground-up fish and is an excellent source of nitrogen and trace minerals. It is a fast-acting fertiliser and should be used in conjunction with other organic fertilisers.

How to Use Organic Fertilisers

Using organic fertilisers is relatively easy, but it is important to use them correctly to ensure maximum effectiveness. Here are some tips on how to use organic fertilisers:

Test Soil pH:

Before applying any fertiliser, it is essential to test the soil pH. Organic fertilisers work best in soils with a pH between 6.0 and 7.0. If the soil pH is outside this range, it may be necessary to adjust it before applying the fertiliser.

Apply at the Right Time:

Organic fertilisers should be applied when plants are actively growing. For most plants, this is in the spring when temperatures start to warm up.

Apply Correct Amounts:

It is essential to apply the correct amount of fertiliser to avoid over or under-fertilisation. Follow the instructions on the fertiliser label, and do not exceed the recommended amounts.

Incorporate into the Soil: Organic fertilisers should be incorporated into the soil to ensure they are absorbed by the plant roots. This can be done by digging the fertiliser into the soil or using a hoe to mix it in.

Water Thoroughly:

After applying organic fertilisers, it is essential to water the plants thoroughly to ensure the fertiliser reaches the plant roots.

Conclusion

In conclusion, organic fertilisers offer several advantages over synthetic fertilisers. They promote soil health, improve plant growth, increase soil moisture retention, improve soil fertility, and reduce environmental impact. By using organic fertilisers, gardeners can promote a healthy and sustainable environment for their plants to grow. However, it is important to use them correctly and follow the instructions on the label to ensure maximum effectiveness. By using organic fertilisers, gardeners can create a more sustainable and healthier environment for their plants to thrive.

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